January 17
2 mins

The Escazú Agreement

The Escazú Agreement is a ground-breaking legal instrument for environmental protection as well as a humans right treaty for Latin America and the Caribbean.

The Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Public Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean was adopted on 4 March 2018. It entered into force on 22 April 2021.

The Regional Agreement is a ground-breaking legal instrument for environmental protection, but it is also a human rights treaty. Its main beneficiaries are the people of the Latin American and Caribbean region, particularly the most vulnerable groups and communities. It aims to ensure the right of all persons to have access to information in a timely and appropriate manner, to participate significantly in making the decisions that affect their lives and their environment, and to access justice when those rights have been infringed. The treaty recognizes the rights of all individuals, provides measures to facilitate their exercise, and, most importantly, establishes mechanisms to render them effective.

There are currently 24 Latin American and Caribbean countries that have signed the agreement, but only 15 have ratified it. These countries include Antigua and Barbuda (2020), Argentina (2021), Belize (2023), Bolivia (2019), Chile (2022), Ecuador (2020), Grenada (2023), Guyana (2019), Mexico (2021), Nicaragua (2020), Panama (2020), St. Kitts and Nevis (2019), St. Lucia (2020), St. Vincent and the Grenadines (2019), and Uruguay (2019).

More information here.

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